Dictionary of Cracking Terms Everyone Must Know
Dictionary of Cracking Terms A
Algorithm: A series of steps specifying which actions to take in which order.
ANSI Bomb: ANSI.SYS key-remapping commands consist of cryptic-looking ext that specifies, using ANSI numeric codes to redefine keys.
Dictionary of Cracking Terms B
Back Door: Something a hacker leaves behind on a system in order to be able to get back in at a later time.
Binary: A numbering system in which there are only two possible values for each digit
Black Hat: A hacker who performs illegal actions to do with hacking online. (Bad guy, per se)
Blue Hat: A blue hat hacker is someone outside computer security consulting firms who is used to bug test a system prior to its launch, looking for exploits so they can be closed. Microsoft also uses the term BlueHat to represent a series of security briefing events.
Bot: A piece of malware that connects a computer to an attacker commonly using the HTTP or IRC protocol to await malicious instructions.
Botnet: Computers infected by worms or Trojans and taken over by hackers and brought into networks to send spam, more viruses, or launch denial of service attacks.
Buffer Overflow: A classic exploit that sends more data than a programmer expects to receive. Buffer overflows are one of the most common programming errors, and the ones most likely to slip through quality assurance testing.
Dictionary of Cracking Terms C
Cracker: A specific type of hacker who decrypts passwords or breaks software copy protection schemes.
Dictionary of Cracking Terms D
DDoS: Distributed denial of service. Flooding someone’s connection with packets. Servers or web-hosted shells can send packets to a connection on a website usually from a booter.
Deface: A website deface is an attack on a site that changes the appearance of the site or a certain webpage on the site.
Dictionary Attack: A dictionary attack is an attack in which a cybercriminal can attempt to gain your account password. The attack uses a dictionary file, a simple list of possible passwords, and a program that fills them in. The program just fills in every single possible password on the list, until it has found the correct one. Dictionary files usually contain the most commonly used passwords.
DOX: Personal information about someone on the Internet usually contains the real name, address, phone number, SSN, credit card number, etc.
Dictionary of Cracking Terms E
Encryption: In cryptography, encryption applies mathematical operations to data in order to render it incomprehensible. The only way to read the data is applying the reverse mathematical operations. In technical speak, encryption is applied mathematical algorithms with a key that converts plaintext to ciphertext. Only someone in possession of the key can decrypt the message.
E-Whore: A person who manipulates other people to believe that he/she is a beautiful girl doing cam shows or selling sexual pictures to make money.
Exploit: A way of breaking into a system. An exploit takes advantage of a weakness in a system in order to hack it.
Dictionary of Cracking Terms F
FUD: Fully undetectable, can be used in many terms. Generally in combination with crypters, or when trying to infect someone.
Dictionary of Cracking Terms G
Grey Hat: A hacker is someone who is able to manipulate the inner workings of computers, information, and technology to work in his/her favor.
Dictionary of Cracking Terms H
Hacktivist: A hacktivist is a hacker who utilizes technology to announce a social, ideological, religious, or political message. In general, most hacktivism involves website defacement or denial-of-service attacks.
Dictionary of Cracking Terms I
IP Address: On the Internet, your IP address is the unique number that others use to send you traffic.
IP Grabber: A link that grabs someone’s IP when they visit it.
Dictionary of Cracking Terms K
Keylogger: A software program that records all keystrokes on a computer’s keyboard, used as a surveillance tool or covertly as spyware.
Dictionary of Cracking Terms L
Leach: A cultural term in the warez community referring to people who download lots of stuff but never give back to the community.
LOIC/HOIC: Tool(s) used by many anonymous members to conduct DDoS attacks. It is not recommended to use these under any circumstances.
Dictionary of Cracking Terms M
Malware: Software designed to do all kinds of evil stuff like stealing identity information, running DDoS attacks, or soliciting money from the slave.
Dictionary of Cracking Terms N
Neophyte: A neophyte, “n00b”, or “newbie” is someone who is new to hacking or phreaking and has almost no knowledge or experience of the workings of technology, and hacking.
Dictionary of Cracking Terms O
OldFag: Somebody who’s been around a forum/ game for a long time.
Dictionary of Cracking Terms P
Packet: Data that is sent across the Internet is broken up into packets, sent individually across the network, and reassembled back into the original data at the other end.
Phreak: Phone Freaks. Hackers who hack cell phones for free calling. Free Long distance calling. Etc.
Phreaking: The art and science of cracking the phone network.
Proxy: A proxy is something that acts as a server, but when given requests from clients, it acts itself as a client to the real servers.
Dictionary of Cracking Terms R
Rainbow Table: A rainbow table is a table of possible passwords and their hashes. It is way faster to crack a password using rainbow tables then using a dictionary attack (Brute Force).
Remote Administration Tool: A tool that is used to remotely control (an) other machines (s). These can be used for monitoring user actions, but often misused by cybercriminals as malware, to get their hands on valuable information, such as log in credentials.
Resolver: Software created to get an IP address through IM (instant messenger, like Skype/MSN) programs.
Reverse Engineering: A technique whereby the hacker attempts to discover secrets about a program. Often used by crackers, and indirect modifications to a process/application.
Root: Highest permission level on a computer, able to modify anything on the system without restriction.
Rootkit (ring3 ring0): A powerful exploit used by malware to conceal all traces that it exists.
- Ring3: Can be removed easily without booting in safe mode.
- Ring0: Very hard to remove and very rare in the wild, these can require you to format, it’s very hard to remove certain ring0 rootkits without safe mode.
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